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Relationship between School Incentives and Effectiveness of Student Councils in Kenyan Secondary Schools

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Document pages: 10 pages

Abstract: The study investigated the relationship between school incentives and effectiveness of student councils in promoting discipline in secondary schools in Bondo sub-county, Kenya. The study was based on functional leadership theory. The study was based on mixed method approach. The study uses Concurrent triangulation design within the mixed method approach. The study targeted 1636 prefects, 280 teachers, 43 principals, 43 school captains and 49 deputy principals in 43 secondary schools in Bondo sub-county. A sample size of 491 prefects, 86 teachers, 13 principals, 13 school captains and 15 deputy principals was obtained. Questionnaires were used to obtain data from prefects and teachers while an interview schedule was used to obtain information from principals, school captains and deputy principals. To ensure face, content and construct validities of the research instruments, supervisors and members of the school of Education at Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology who are experts in this area of study scrutinized the research instruments. Test re-test method of establishing reliability of questionnaires was used. Quantitative data from questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as Pearson’s product moment correlation and regression analysis. Thematic analysis is essentially a method for identifying and analyzing pattern in qualitative data. The findings indicated a strong positive relationship (r = .635) between school incentives and effectiveness of student councils. It is recommended that the Kenyan Ministry of Education should develop a manual for prefects training and mentorship for secondary schools for effectiveness of students’ councils.

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