eduzhai > Helth Sciences > Pharmaceutical >

Application of modern technology in the treatment of clavicular fracture and dislocation

  • sky
  • (0) Download
  • 20211101
  • Save
https://www.eduzhai.net American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 2021, 11(10): 725-728 DOI: 10.5923/j.ajmms.20211110.13 Application of Modern Technologies in the Treatment of Fractures and Dislocation of the Clavicle Esandavlat Mengziyevich Shukurov, Aziz Pulatovich Alimov, Anvar Akhtamovich Zhabbarov, Orif Negmatzhonovich Akhmadzhonov Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Center for Traumatology and Orthopedics Tashkent, Uzbekistan Abstract Conclusion: Results of treatment were studied in 216 patients in adult's department, 89 patients of them had intramedullary osteosynthesis with spokes, 44 patients with acromial clavicle fractures had lavaloplasty and fixation with spokes, 83 patients had osteosynthesis with AO (LCP) plate given the character of fracture. Keywords Clavicle, Middle third, Fractures, Osteosynthesis, Bench tests, Preclinical studies, Intramedullary nail, Plate 1. Introduction Clavicle fractures account for 3 to 19% of all fractures and dislocations of the bones of the skeleton [1,7,9]. The relevance of this kind of damage is determined by the fact that they, as a rule, become the lot of young and middle-aged people leading an active and socially useful lifestyle [2,3,4]. The method of choice in the treatment of displaced, comminuted and unstable clavicle fractures is open reduction and osteosynthesis with nails or plates of various modifications. The incidence of unsatisfactory outcomes in submerged osteosynthesis of the clavicle is 25–30% [1,6] In recent years, the number of purulent complications in the surgical treatment of closed fractures has increased, which is associated with the expansion of indications for osteosynthesis of the limbs. The main part of these errors (60.3%) depends on the incorrect selection of metal structures, violations of the principles of asepsis, operational and technical errors during the operation, non-observance of the principles of correct postoperative immobilization of the limb. There is still a high incidence of unsatisfactory treatment results (42–50%) and recurrences of bone tissue inflammation (22–74.3%) [5,7,8]. a number of surgical methods of osteosynthesis have been proposed: 1) external transosseous; 2) submersible (includes intraosseous, extraosseous and transosseous). The emergence of new high-tech implants and osteosynthesis techniques, the increased requirements of patients for the quality of life, their early return to work, including even during the treatment of a fracture. The aim of the work was to improve the results of treatment of patients with clavicle fractures using modern Received: Oct. 7, 2021; Accepted: Oct. 25, 2021; Published: Oct. 30, 2021 Published online at https://www.eduzhai.net surgical methods of treatment. 2. Materials and Methods Our study is based on the experience of surgical treatment of 216 patients with fractures and fracture-dislocations of the clavicle from 2018 to 2021. The patients' age ranged from 18 to 60 years. There were 156 men and 60 women. Patients were admitted to the clinic at various times after the injury. In the overwhelming majority of cases (98%), osteosynthesis of the clavicle was performed on the second and third day of admission to the hospital. 3. The Main Results and Findings All patients underwent treatment according to the developed algorithm for the diagnosis and choice of treatment tactics for the fracture of the acromial end of the clavicle (DGU 06556 dated 05/30/19). Clinical, X-ray and MSCT, ultrasound (vascular Doppler) study were used in the work. For a comparative assessment and more accurate differentiation in case of damage to the acromial end of the clavicle of the CAS, it was necessary to perform radiographs of both clavicular-acromial joints in the anteroposterior projection on the same film. When choosing the type of anesthetic treatment, preference was given to regional anesthesia. Brachial plexus blockade was performed with 0.5% bupicaine under ultrasound control with sedation in patients with upper limb injuries, which provided adequate and safe anesthesia, prolonged postoperative analgesia up to 12-15 hours. The choice of treatment and implant tactics was determined by the nature and location of the fractures. Three surgical options have been used to treat clavicle shaft fractures: We used AO plates (Bombei India), with a straight 726 Esandavlat Mengziyevich Shukurov et al.: Application of Modern Technologies in the Treatment of Fractures and Dislocation of the Clavicle (DCP) and a pre-curved (anterior-superior) plate (LCP) with locking. The 1st group consisted of 89 patients who underwent surgery intramedular osteosynthesis with wires, Group 2 - 44 patients in whom lavsanoplasty and fixation with wires were performed with fracture dislocations of the acromial end of the clavicle. Group 3 consisted of 83 patients who underwent external osteosynthesis with an AO plate (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesefragen). In order to illustrate the efficiency of bone osteosynthesis in the treatment of clavicle fractures, we present the following clinical observations. Extra bone osteosynthesis a) Reconstructive simulated plate 2.0; 3.5 mm thick for osteosynthesis of fractures, (LCP Bombei India). Reconstructive plates had advantages, depending on the configuration of the clavicle, allowing them to be installed in fractures, in almost any location. Osteosynthesis of the clavicle was carried out in 3 stages first, the plate on the clavicle is modeled according to the curvature of the bone, then the model is applied to its surface (from above or in front) and fixed with screws to the bone fragments; In case of a fracture in the middle third, a reconstructive plate with a number of holes from 6 to 8, plates were used for osteosynthesis. Plates with a hook for osteosynthesis of lateral comminuted fractures and dislocations of the clavicular-acromial joint were used in 8 patients, one patient had a plate fracture. With stable osteosynthesis of the clavicle, there was no need for additional plaster fixation of the upper limb. Functional rehabilitation, despite immobilization, began from the first postoperative day. Figure 1. X-rays of the clavicle in direct projection of patient K. before and after surgery Figure 2. Radiographs of the clavicle in direct projection. Patient K. before and after surgery American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 2021, 11(10): 725-728 727 Figure 3. Radiographs of the clavicle in direct projection. Patient K. before and after surgery Clinical example. ♀, 34 years old, household injury. Diagnosis at admission: closed fracture of the middle third of the left clavicle with displacement of fragments (Figure 1). Was performed extraosseous osteosynthesis with a reconstructive plate. Further dynamics were unremarkable, after 6 weeks a fracture union was achieved. The metal structure was removed after 1 year. The recovery of the function of the shoulder joint was complete. b) Dynamic compression plate 3.5 mm thick with 6.7 screw holes; (LCP Bombei India). Clinical example. ♂, 31 years old, household injury. Diagnosis on admission: closed fracture of the middle third of the right clavicle. Was performed extraosseous osteosynthesis with an AO plate (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesefragen). Radiographs after after osteosynthesis of the right clavicle with an extraal plate; After 1.5 years, consolidation of the fracture is noted. The functional state of the upper limb is normal. patients returned to their usual way of life. c) Hook plate (LCP Bombei India). with angular stability for fractures of the acromial end of the clavicle and dislocations of the acromioclavicular joint provides stable fixation of fragments regardless of the quality of the bone. This is a highly effective, minimally invasive and less traumatic operation, which allowed stable fixation of fragments in fractures and dislocations in a reduced position in a reduced position. With stable osteosynthesis of the clavicle, there was no need for additional plaster fixation of the upper limb. After 6-8 months, the hook plate was removed. When using a plate with an inappropriate hook size (in 3 cases), patients complained of a crunching sensation under the clavicular end of the scapula. After removing the plate, the feeling of discomfort disappeared. The recovery of the function of the shoulder joint was complete. We did not observe recurrence of dislocation of the clavicle in the operated patients. Clinical example. J., 33 years old, household injury. Diagnosis at admission: closed fracture-dislocation of the acromial end of the left clavicle. Was performed extraosseous osteosynthesis with a hook plate. After 1.5 years, fracture consolidation is noted. 2 months after the operation, most of the patients we operated on returned to their usual way of life. 4. Results In a comparative study of the results of treatment, depending on the methods of treatment, the following complications were observed: in the first group with intraosseous osteosynthesis with Ilizarov wires, the least traumatic, simple and accessible, intramedullary fixation with a thin (1.5, 2.0 mm) wire did not provide sufficient stabilization of fragments and patients , after the operation, needed external immobilization. The total bed-day was 11.3 ± 0.82, the postoperative bed-day was 7.89 ± 0.43. Bolnoy Kholbaev 38years. Figure 4. Radiographs of the clavicle in frontal projections 728 Esandavlat Mengziyevich Shukurov et al.: Application of Modern Technologies in the Treatment of Fractures and Dislocation of the Clavicle Clinical example. ♀, 38 years old, household injury. Diagnosis at admission: closed fracture of the outer third of the right clavicle with displacement of fragments (Figure 4). Intramedullary osteosynthesis with a wire was performed. Further dynamics were unremarkable, after 6 weeks the intramedullary wire broke. The metal structure was removed. In one patient, wire migration, deformity in the bone marrow canal with the appearance of angular displacement of fragments was observed, in one patient fixation with an intramedullary wire about rocky fractures with fixation of bone fragments with a wire was observed failure of the fragments, it turned out to be the cause of delayed fusion and the wire was removed after which the fracture was fused. two patients in the second group received unsatisfactory results of treatment due to the eruption of the lavsan filament of the cancellous bone of the acromial end of the clavicle in one and one of the phenomena of arthrosis and pain syndrome of the clavicular-acromial joint. In the third group, in one patient, when developing the movement, the hook of the plate exerted pressure on the acromion, which led to the occurrence of acromion pressure ulcers and the development of impingement syndrome. Also, one patient was diagnosed with arthrosis of the clavicular-acromial joint. With stable osteosynthesis of the clavicle, there was no need for additional plaster fixation of the upper limb. After 6-8 months, the hook plate was removed. When using a plate with an inappropriate hook size (in 3 cases), patients complained of a crunching sensation under the clavicular end of the scapula. After removing the plate, the feeling of discomfort disappeared. The recovery of the function of the shoulder joint was complete. 5. Conclusions Thus, bone osteosynthesis with the AO plate is, according to indications, modern high-tech, functionally beneficial and minimally invasive methods in the treatment of patients with fractures and fracture-dislocations of the clavicle. To prevent complications in osteosynthesis of fractures and fracture-dislocations of the clavicle, it is important not only to comply with treatment standards, but also to have technological provision with implants of various shapes and sizes and require a differentiated and individual approach to their treatment, depending on the nature and location of clavicle fractures. REFERENCES [1] Yu.V Sukhin., V.V. Serdyuk., V.P. Ax. [and others] On the treatment of clavicle fractures // Trauma. - 2014. - T. 15, No. 2. - C. [2] I.I. Martel,. E.O. Darwin Treatment of closed clavicle fractures with various osteosynthesis options. Genius of Orthopedics. - 2011. - No. 4. - S. 5-8 .. 33-35. [3] O.B Grishanin., S.V. Sergeev., S.I. Gilfanov. [and others] Osteosynthesis of fractures and fracture-dislocations of the clavicle // Clinical practice. - 2015. - No. 1 (21). - S. 26-29. [4] S.A. Tonkikh, V.E. Yankovsky., A.A. Kolomiets. Causes of unsatisfactory outcomes in internal osteosynthesis of clavicle fractures // Genius of Orthopedics. - 2004. - No. 1. - S. 114-117. [5] Alzahrani M.M.,. Cota A, Alkhelaifi K. [et al.] Are clinical outcomes affected by type of plate used for management of mid-shaft clavicle fractures? // J. Orthop. Traumatol. - 2018. Vol. 19. - P. 8. [6] Chen, C.Y.. Chen W.J,. Shih C.H Surgical treatment for distal clavicle fracture with coracoclavicular ligament disruptijn / C.Y. Chen, // J. Trauma. - 2002. - Vol. 52, no. 1. - R. 72-78. [7] Kettler / M., Schieker M., Braunstein V. [et al.] Flexible intramedullary nailing for stabilization of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures: technique and results in 87 patients // Acta Orthop. - 2007. - Vol. 78, No. 3. - P. 424-9. [8] O.B Grishanin., S.V. Sergeev., S.I. Gilfanov., M.A. Abdulkhabirov., D.S. Agzamov. Osteosynthesis of fractures and fracture-dislocations of the clavicle Clinical practice No. 1, 2015 P.26.29. http: //clinpractice.ru. [9] V. A. Samartsev., I. V. Kadyntsev., E. G. Voluzhenkov. Postoperative complications of osteosynthesis of the extremities. Perm Medical Journal Issue: Volume 35, No. 3 (2018) Pages: 5-8. Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Scientific & Academic Publishing This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

... pages left unread,continue reading

Document pages: 4 pages

Please select stars to rate!

         

0 comments Sign in to leave a comment.

    Data loading, please wait...
×