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Chinas First Workforce Skill Taxonomy

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Document pages: 22 pages

Abstract: China is the world s second largest economy. After four decades of economicmiracles, China s economy is transitioning into an advanced, knowledge-basedeconomy. Yet, we still lack a detailed understanding of the skills that underlythe Chinese labor force, and the development and spatial distribution of theseskills. For example, the US standardized skill taxonomy O*NET played animportant role in understanding the dynamics of manufacturing andknowledge-based work, as well as potential risks from automation andoutsourcing. Here, we use Machine Learning techniques to bridge this gap,creating China s first workforce skill taxonomy, and map it to O*NET. Thisenables us to reveal workforce skill polarization into social-cognitive skillsand sensory-physical skills, and to explore the China s regional inequality inlight of workforce skills, and compare it to traditional metrics such aseducation. We build an online tool for the public and policy makers to explorethe skill taxonomy: this http URL. We will also make the taxonomy datasetpublicly available for other researchers upon publication.

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