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Charge mentale et mobilisation des processus rédactionnels : examen de la procédure de Kellogg

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Document pages: 8 pages

Abstract: The method used by Kellogg (1987) requires that the writer performs a concurrent task followed by a supplementary task. The subjects must react to auditory signals during writing (the recorded RT s express the weight of the subject s cognitive effort) and then qualify (directed retrospection) the ongoing writing activity (planning, translating or reviewing). The goal of experiment 1 is to test the role of bips distribution (15, 30, 60 sec) on the cognitive load. Experiment 2 tests how the retrospective task (retrospection with training, without retrospection vs. Kellogg s retrospection) affects the cognitive effort. The results show that the bips distribution as well as a training on retrospection had effects on RT s but not on the activation of writing processes. Contrary to Kellogg s findings, RT s are not different for the three writing processes. Writers distribute their cognitive resources as a function of the tasks constraints: writing, quick reaction and retrospection. It is concluded that Kellogg s method must be revaluated as an appropriate tool for measuring the cognitive effort involved in the various writing processes.

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