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Moving on Their Own? Mobility Strategies and Social Networks of Migrant Women from Maghreb in Italy

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Document pages: 21 pages

Abstract: Recent years have witnessed profound changes in migratory trends in the Mediterranean. Some aspects of these transformations are of particular interest, as they testify to the participation of this area in a new "age of migration " (Castles, Miller, 1998). Indeed, the Mediterranean has experienced both a social diversification and a spatial differentiation of migratory movements. Spatial mobility, in particular back-and-forth movements, have intensified as a consequence of the globalisation of economies and due to the rise of transnational communities (Simon, 1990). Besides, during the last thirty years, Mediterranean countries, which were traditionally countries of transit and or emigration also became receiving countries. In the 1970s and afterward, Southern Europe turned into an area of settlement for foreign immigrants. Then, in the 1990s, North-Africa also became an area of immigration, especially for Subsaharian African populations.

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