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Challenges to Break Corporate Glass Ceiling: What Malaysian IT Women Employees Perceive?

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Document pages: 12 pages

Abstract: Malaysian women workforce has been undergoing crisis where the number of female employees become thinner as they climb up the corporate ladder especially in IT sector (TalentCorp, 2013). In conjunction with this, the objective of this research is set to identify the perceived cultural challenges faced by women employees to progress in their career in IT sector in Malaysia. Five highly mentioned challenges were selected from literature review and cultural models to be investigated. Cultural stereotype (Hofstede, 2010), gender inequality (Hofstede, 2010), low self-esteem (Instone & Bunker, 1983), gender gap in mentoring (Universal Integrated Framework, 2007) and family-work life conflict (Voydanoff, 2005) are the challenges investigated in this study which are also defined as the independent variables of this research whereas, career progress plays a role as the dependent variable. Quantitative research method along with the positivist research paradigm is adopted and questionnaire is used as an instrument to collect data among 140 female employees from a leading private IT MNC organizations located in Cyberjaya, Malaysia. Data analysis is conducted using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 21. The key result of this paper has met the objective of this study where all the independent variables seem to have a significant relationship with the career progress of women employees. Perceived cultural challenges from most impacting to least impacting are as followed: Gender gap in mentoring, Low self-esteem, Gender inequality, Family work life conflict and followed by cultural stereotype.

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