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Disasters and Disaster Management

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Document pages: 21 pages

Abstract: A disaster is a state or an event which disrupts the functioning of a community or a society. The local communities mostly cannot resolve of their own in the disasters. The disaster selection criteria in this study are based on the geographical scale of a disaster, the warning time of a disaster occurrence, the number of injuries and deaths resulting from a disaster, the traffic demand resulting from the activities of a disaster and the resultant transport supply available after a disaster. The study on disaster characteristics revealed the foremost importance of floods. Similarly, cyclones and earthquakes were regarded equally important for disaster management. Disaster management is a well-established and integrated process of planning and implementation of pro-active and reactive measures. Unlike the traditional approach of disaster management, the contemporary approach considers the aggregation of disaster management phases and measures. The organisational structure of both countries India and Germany exhibited well-defined roles of disaster management stakeholders but failed to fully describe the involvement of the transport sector and many private stakeholders.

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