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Systematic Literature Review on Impacts and Indicators for Measuring Costs and Benefits of Water Sector Related Interventions

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Document pages: 15 pages

Abstract: The foci of analyses on costs and benefits in the water sector varies largely, especially with respect to the inclusion of different impacts. On the one hand, the large variations often lead to incomparability of study results; on the other hand, the incompleteness potentially leads to wrong implications regarding the outcome of studies. As so far a comprehensive catalogue about the impacts and indicators of water projects is missing, this study undertakes a systematic literature review on impacts and indicators for measuring costs and benefits of water sector related interventions. The systematic literature research follows the Cochrane PRISMA guideline and includes a key word database research and a snowball research. Out of the 478 identified articles, 15 have found to be contributing to the creation of a catalogue of impact areas of water related costs and benefits. Grouping the findings, this paper found five major areas that should be investigated in water related cost and benefit studies: health, economy, well-being, environment and time savings. Ensuring the inclusion of impacts and indicators of these five categories would contribute to a higher comparability between studies and a lower risk for biased results of single studies.

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