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Voyage into Neuro-Absenteeism

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: Evolution keeps complicating the universe by adding new phenomena that have new properties and new forces and that are regulated by new methodical laws. The principle thesis of the Sociology of knowledge is that there are modes of reflection which cannot be adequately understood as long as their social origins arc obscures. It is indeed true that only an individual is capable of thinking. There is no such physical entity as a group mind which thinks over and above the heads of individuals, or whose ideas the individual rarely reproduces. Nonetheless, it would be false to deduce that all the ideas and sentiments which stimulate an individual have their origins in him also, and can be passably explained exclusively on the foundation of his understanding. As Albert Einstein and most experts have examined with care the methodological foundations of methodical knowledge clearly recognize, the belief in an objective, public World with methodical objects in it the same for all observers, is a theoretically inferred, not a purely empirically given knowledge (Northrop; 1948). Assumption of the common World arises out of human talk. Notion of an objective World is based on the naive and massive everyday assumption that there is a World which, despite the variety of view points and circumstances, we nevertheless think we hold in common. Sociological theory must be psychologically honest is not to provide a paean to methodological individualism, but it does suggest the benefit to Sociology of thinking more carefully about the place of individuals within its theories. Sociologists are known for their emphasis on the emergence and irreducibility of social phenomena, and their skepticism toward the reductionist explanations.

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