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Unearthing the Reasons Behind Human Behaviour in Society: A Reappraisal of the Theories in Sociological Behaviourism

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Document pages: 33 pages

Abstract: Human behaviour in any society is influenced by a host of factors, and understanding or unearthing the reasons behind such behavior is usually not an easy task. It was because of these difficulties and quest to unravel the motives behind human behaviours, that ‘Theoretical Behaviourism’ arose as a movement. To understand how and why humans behave in certain ways, when they respond to various stimuli, situations or beliefs in the human environment; some ‘Sociological Behavioural Theories’ have been put forward and analysed; to explain human actions. In a bid to understand human actions better, these Sociological Behavioural theories were re-appraised. Among the theories selected and reappraised to explain human behaviour better are: ‘The Functionalist view, the Conflict theory view of the Feminist and Marxian scholars, Positivist school, Symbolic interactionist school, Max Weber Social Action and the Social Exchange Theory’. This theoretical reappraisal also differentiated ‘behaviouralism’ from ‘behaviourism’; and suggested the ‘Ethnographic’ approach which requires participant observation, as an alternative model for understanding human behaviour in case the Sociological behavioural theories becomes inadequate. Finally, this theoretical reappraisal predicted possible future actions in Nigeria using the sociological theories of behaviourism.

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