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Targeting Glutamate Metabolism in Melanoma

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Document pages: 15 pages

Abstract: The glutamate metabotropic receptor 1 (GRM1) drives oncogenesis when aberrantly activated in melanoma and several other cancers.Metabolomics reveals that patient-derived xenografts with GRM1-positive melanoma tumors exhibit elevated plasma glutamate levels associated with metastatic melanoma in vivo. Stable isotope tracing and GCMS analysis determined that cells expressing GRM1 fuel a substantial fraction of glutamate from glycolytic carbon. Stimulation of GRM1 by glutamate leads to activation of mitogenic signaling pathways, which in turn increases the production of glutamate, fueling autocrine feedback. Implementing a rational drug-targeting strategy, we critically evaluate metabolic bottlenecks in vitro and in vivo.Combined inhibition of glutamate secretion and biosynthesis is an effective rational drug targeting strategy suppressing tumor growth and restricting tumor bioavailability of glutamate.

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