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How Is the COVID-19 Outbreak Affecting Wildlife around the World?

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Document pages: 21 pages

Abstract: The COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by themost recently discovered coronavirus at an animal market in Wuhan, China. Manywildlife species have been suggested as possible intermediate sources for thetransmission of COVID-19 virus from bats tohumans. The quick transmission of COVID-19 outbreak has imposedquarantine measures across the world, and as a result, most of the world’stowns and cities fell silent under lockdowns. The current study comes toinvestigate the ways by which the COVID-19 outbreak affects wildlife globally.Hundreds of internet sites and scientific reports have been reviewed to satisfythe needs of the study. Stories of seeing wild animals roaming the quiet,deserted streets and cities during the COVID-19 outbreak have been posted inthe media and social media. The strong link between wildlife markets andCOVID-19 resulted in international calls asking countries to shut down wildlifemarkets forever. Poorer and vulnerable people around the world overexploitnatural resources including wildlife. Roadkills became minimal because of thelockdown measures. The reduction in noise pollution level is expected toimprove wildlife health and ecology including breeding success. The shortage offood items provided to zoo and park animals constituted a real threat toanimals and the institution harboring them. The increase in fish biomass comesas a result of the sharp decline in fishing activities. The isolation ofantibodies from certain wildlife species is promising in saving humankindagainst COVID-19. The infection of wild and pet animals with COVID-19 virusfrom humans and the interspecific transmission of the infection are disastrousto animal ecology. Finally, closures may enhance people to connect more andmore with nature in order to acknowledge wildlife in their surroundingenvironments. In conclusion, the study asks the world’s different parties toconserve wildlife in a sustainable fashion and to regulate exotic animal tradein wet markets in order to lower the incidence of zoonoses.

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