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Suggestions, Methods and Examples of Monitoring of Rock Structures and Excavation of Rock Mass

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Document pages: 14 pages

Abstract: Rock mechanics projects, excavations and rock mass monitoring are day-by-day concerns of professionals and scientists of rock engineer. Technological advances observed in the 20 and 21 centuries provided high precision equipment capable of establishing deformation and estimating the rock mass stress remotely and in real time. In addition, in order to confirm and study the data obtained with theses equipment, numerical programs of modeling became more accessible to schools, research centers and private companies. Monitoring an excavation requires, besides understanding fully the rock structure, precise definitions and goals: why, how, where. This article discusses concepts of monitoring, modeling and calibration, as well as presents examples of applications where these questions were successfully answered.

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