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Ichthyofaunic Inventory and Fish Landings of Lom Pangar Hydropower Dam Reservoir in the Eastern Region of Cameroon

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Document pages: 15 pages

Abstract: The Lom Pangar hydroelectric dam projectlocated in the eastern region of Cameroon was implemented by ElectricityDevelopment Corporation (EDC). The impoundment of the Lom Pangar dam created alarge reservoir with an area ~590 km2 and a useful storage capacity ~6 billionm3. Thereby, this impoundment has created favourable conditions for theproliferation of fishery resources. However, a fisheries assessment study basedon fishing activities is essential to attain reliable information forimplementing a management plan to achieve rational and sustainableexploitation. This study was carried out on the ichtyofaunic inventory and theassessment of fish landings in Lom Pangar hydroelectric dam reservoir fromApril 2016 to September 30, 2016. Three main groups of fishing gear have beenidentified, among which gillnets, traps and longlines occupy major fishingactivities. Indeed, the spatial and landing sites surveies were conducted onspecies composition, size composition, and quantities of fish landed during thestudy period. Moreover, 37 species of fish divided into 16 families were foundin seven different selected fish landing sites. Carp (Cyprinus carpio) was themajor fish species abundantly caught by these fishing gears which accounted for81.60 of the total catch, and the least species was sardine (Sardinellaaurita). A total of 623,229 Kg of fish were landed which were dominated bythose of the Wami landing site with 480,773 Kg representing 76.96 of the totallanded catches. The smallest species caught was the white carp (7 cm) whilethe longest one was the catfish (71 cm). In addition, the species of fish in thebreeding season are carp, catfish, viper fish and red tail.

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