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The Influence of Fence on Body Mass and Population Dynamics of Plateau Pika

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Document pages: 8 pages

Abstract: To determine the influence of the fence on plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae), we measured the body mass, breeding status, population densities, using live-trapping and line-transect sampling in April and September 2006. In April, body mass of both male and female plateau pika inside of fence were significant higher than that outside of fence (♀: F = 6.583, df = 1.20, p = 0.019; ♂: F = 6.49, df = 1.17, p = 0.021). The ratio of spermary drop of an adult male was also higher (92.31 vs 57.14 ). In September, body mass of adult male in both study sites showed no significant difference (F = 0.001, df = 1.23, p = 0.975), but were all significant higher than that of April (F = 121.713, df = 1.22, p df = 1.20, p df = 1.38, p = 0.131), but the population density inside of fence was much higher than that outside of fence (F = 7.534, df = 1.38, p = 0.009) in September. Our results show that the changes of quality and quantity of food that available to plateau pika in winter, can depress the range of reducing body mass of plateau pika, make breeding season ahead, and then promote the increase of population.

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