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Modern Development for the Improvement of Accuracy of Nigerian Coordinate Transformation Process Using the Adapted NTv2 Model: The Critical Issues of the Mathematical Algorithm

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Document pages: 14 pages

Abstract: Changing coordinates using appropriate mathematical models from one reference system to another may be influenced if the operation requires the change of datum. A set of transformation parameters has been adopted for Nigeria. However, the critical concern usually associated with the problem of transformation of coordinates is the issue of recoverability of the original values of transformed coordinates. The recursive effect of variables associated with spatial problems can be aptly modelled with an appropriate algorithm that set out a process to achieve a definite output. Consequently, the main thrust of this paper is to highlight the critical elements of the mathematical algorithm associated with the National Transformation Version 2 (NTv2) model adapted for the Nigerian Datum Transformation process. The adapted NTv2 model adopts the bi-linear interpolation approach and the covariance function obtained were used to generate transformation elements in latitude (Δφp) and longitude (Δλp) and corresponding accuracies at the lattice nodes. The mathematical algorithm of this adapted NTv2 model underscores the likely attainment of better and significant values and statistical indicator of the improved accuracy as the average shift values for latitude and longitude for any transformed points in Nigeria. This capability makes the mathematical algorithm to be adaptable and fit for the purpose of the transformation process. The improvement in the positional accuracy is directly attributable to the application of the NTv2 model which provides a flexible and robust system of modelling any inherent systematic error in the national network.

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