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Re-Evaluation of Kombat-Style Mineralization and Implications for Exploration in the Otavi Mountainland, Namibia

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Document pages: 34 pages

Abstract: This study re-evaluates the characteristics of Cu-Pb-Ag and Fe-Mn ore mineralization of the Kombat Mine and Gross Otavi Mine based on field geology, fluid inclusions, petrology, mineralogy, and geochemistry. This is to determine the genetic relationship between Fe-Mn and Cu-Pb-Ag mineralization. The study has established that the Cu-Pb-Ag ore at the Kombat Mine can be classified as a variant of MVT-type deposit, whereas the Fe-Mn ore can be classified as a stratiform-syn-sedimentary deposit. The formation of the MVT-type deposit is associated with a hydrothermal fluid system with a mean temperature of 183°C and mean salinity of 12.85 wt. NaCl equivalent. The syn-sedimentary Fe-Mn ore, which is largely associated with calc-silicate lithologies, consists mainly of magnetite and hematite with minor pyrite, hausmannite and jacobsite, and was deposited by diagenetic and mixed diagenetic-hydrogenetic processes under changing oxic and anoxic conditions within the sedimentary basin. Acceptable geochemical exploration indicators of the existing mineralization include anomalous values above 0.5 Cu, 0.2 S; 0.05 Pb; 0.04 As; 0.01 Zn; V, W, Mo, and Ag are 0.002 . Mineralogical indicators include chalcopyrite, bornite, covellite and galena with minor chalcocite, sphalerite, and tennantite for the Cu-Pb MVT-type ores at Kombat Mine.

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