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Geological, Soil and Sediment Studies in Chelsaton Sedimentary Basin, Kabul, Afghanistan

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Document pages: 24 pages

Abstract: Thegeology, sediment and soil studies are important due to its significant impactson agriculture, mining, constructions materials, industries, environment,ground water percolation, air pollution, surface and ground water pollutions,earthquakes and geo-hazards in Afghanistan. In this research, we studiedpetrography, Sediment, tectonic structures, soil fraction selection by usinghydrometer, sieving analysis, and geological mapping. Results show differentkinds of metamorphic rocks of low grade and medium grade metamorphisms, Garnetemica Schist, Garnete Schist, Quarsite, different types of minerals among rocks.Further, type of sediment consisting residual angular (Autochthonous) androunded (Allochthonous) transported by water, among sediments consistingGarnete, Gneiss, Schist, Quarsite, Biotite and consisting different type ofsizes boulders, Cobble, Granule, Sand, Silt. Hydrometer analysis showsdifferent types of soil clayey loam, sandy loam, silty loam. Moreover,Geological mapping shows complex tectonic structures like joints, cracks,faults, folds, anticline and syncline. The obtained results suggest thatthe petrography, sediments and soil researches can be used efficiently forcatchments of the Kabul Basin and other basins in Afghanistan.

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