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Assessment of Flood Risk in Cotonou Areas Surrounding Nokoué Lake Due to the Effect of Climate Change

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Document pages: 18 pages

Abstract: Cotonou, like West Africancities, experiences recurrent flooding. This work aimed to study the effect ofclimate change on the risk of flooding in Cotonou’s zoos on the periphery Nokoué Lake.We analysed climate data (rainfall and temperature) in Cotonou over the period1953 to 2013, the flow of the Ouémé River at Bonou,and the variation in the height (elevation) of Lake Nokoué. The results of theanalysis of temperatures over the period 1953-2013 show an upward break from1987 onwards (+0.7°C between 1987 and 2013), while for rainfall, no break wasobserved over the same period. None of the 13 rainfall indices calculated isstatistically significant, but they show a relatively stable or declining trendexcept for the average daily rainfall, the maximum number of consecutive drydays and the 95th percentile, which all show a slightly upward trend. We have shown that the rainfall recorded in Cotonou does notreveal any abnormal or exceptional character over the last ten years, on theone hand, and the flooding of Ouémé River influences that of Nokoué Lake, onthe other hand. This study shows that the floods observed in this area are morerelated to the effect of climate change.

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