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Biomass Analysis by Means of Environmental Economics

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Document pages: 20 pages

Abstract: The latest years, oil and gas demand reductionincurred market turbulences as a result of oil wells exploitation uncertaintiesand new green policies towards sustainability that turn the stakeholders toeco-friendlier energy sources. A challenging alternative to this direction isthe increment of biomass share in the overall consumed energy balance. Frommany standpoints of view, biomass has minor impact on the CO2-cyclebalance “operating” as an offset against CO2 photosynthesis. In the present work, a practically holistic interpretation ofbiomass energy contribution in our societies was outlined. Expert systems weredeveloped as a tool to biomass energy analysis and certain models were presented to approachestimation of individual parts of biomass exploitation chain. The tendency ofenergy crop land availability and best cultivated practices were presented aswell. A schematic cost analysis of biomass utilization was performed under mostcommon operational scenarios. Economic evaluation, future strategic planningand environmental impact from energy biomass utilization were all analyzed upto a certain point. Biomass as a renewable energy form is expected to bringabout a positive cost benefit ratio.Biomass, in general, is easier to handle, (storage-transportation), cost-effective and more beneficial in terms ofgreenhouse gases (GHG) net emissions as results from an incorporated ad hocdeveloped SWOT analysis.

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