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Modeling the Process of Assessing the Efficiency and Development of Production Activities of the Passenger Fleet in Different Operating Conditions

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Abstract: The object of research is the efficiency of production activities of the passenger fleet. Assessment of the production capacity of the passenger fleet is one of the most important stages for modelling the options for its functioning and development, the process of which is currently insufficiently studied.The functioning of the passenger fleet is influenced by such factors as the size of passenger traffic, the technical condition of ships, the level of organization of the technical and commercial operation of the fleet, methods of forming tariffs for transportation and the cost of cruises, navigation conditions, seasonality, economic and political situation in the region of operation of the fleet. It is proposed to use the indicator of the financial result and the carrying capacity of the fleet as the main indicators of the efficiency of the passenger fleet. Using the method of simulation modelling, the process of assessing the efficiency of the functioning of the passenger fleet in various operating conditions is characterized.It is determined that provided that the passenger traffic on the routes under consideration (linear and cruise) is fully developed and there is a reserve of the fleet’s carrying capacity, it is advisable for the ship-owner to master new routes. As a result of solving an economic and mathematical model for the optimal distribution of ships along existing and new routes, it becomes possible to make a decision on attracting an additional fleet on lease terms to increase the carrying capacity of the fleet. To assess the effectiveness of the functioning of our own and leased fleets, it is advisable to use an economic and mathematical model of the optimal distribution of the aggregates of the fleet – our own, leased and competitors. As a result of solving the problem, it is possible to conclude about the efficiency of the fleet and the need for modernization.The proposed simulation model takes into account the performance of the tasks facing the ship-owner. On the one hand, this is an increase in the profit of the ship-owner, on the other, full satisfaction of the needs of passengers and tourists in water transport services due to the efficient use of the carrying capacity of the fleet in various operating conditions. This also allows the ship-owner to make decisions on the further development of production activities.

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