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Study of Medical Kits from Passenger Trains

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Aim of the article is to study the composition of the medical first aid kit, which should be equipped with trains.Materials and methods. The study used methods such as content analysis, analytical, comparative and logical, expert surveys. The study applied the expert survey, which was attended by the heads of the trains, and conductors, a total of 453 people. The survey involved specialists of the regional branches of the Ukrainian Railway, namely, Lviv, South-Western, Southern, Odessa, Prydniprovska Railways. Conclusions of the respondents are reasonable and convergent, which is confirmed by the concordance coefficient and Pearson criterion based on the number of freedom, with regard to the number of freedoms that exceed the normative values. Content analysis was used to study the regulatory framework for the staffing of trains with medical kits.Results. The questionnaire determined that all respondents were convinced of the need for a medical kit in the train, but a significant part of the respondents are not aware of its presence and location in the train. 75.70 of respondents believe that there should be two types of first-aid kits in the train – from the train manager and the conductor. Only 53.70 of the respondents are well-known for the medical first-aid kit, many of whom consider it necessary to improve the composition of the first-aid kit and regular attendance of the respective courses for the first medical aid and obtaining certificates.Based on the content analysis, it was determined that a carriage should be equipped with one medical first aid kit and one additional first aid kit train in case of an accident. When staffing first-aid kits, it is recommended to orient the first-aid kits for automobiles.Conclusions. The composition of first-aid kits for medical personnel, which are equipped with trains of Ukraine, Russia, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Belarus, has been investigated. The advantages and disadvantages of these first-aid kits are determined. The directions of perfection of the medical first-aid kits, which are equipped with the trains of Ukraralizytsia, are also offered.

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