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A Conceptual Framework for Livability, Sustainability and Equity in the Era of Automated Transit

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Document pages: 28 pages

Abstract: From the beginning of modern planning, images and frameworks have been used to conceptualize ideas and frame approaches. This paper develops a conceptual performance measure framework for integrating transportation and land use policy and planning with regard to evaluating various future scenarios and policy alternatives in relation to driverless and autonomous vehicles, placing a premium on using measures of effectiveness and overall street livability, before measures of efficiency.As the performance dimension of effectiveness allows for measurements of both transportation as well as land-use derived demand management, it provides a more holistic approach than transport-only efficiency measures, and is therefore recommended to lead in determining performance in alternative autonomous vehicle futures. Efficiency does not measure how people are served and transported, only the relation of outputs to inputs—a large proportion of zero-occupancy vehicles traveling at high speeds, could score well in terms of efficiency. We recommend placing effectiveness, “Doing the Right Things”, before efficiency, and “Doing Things Right”— we do suggest pursuing both, but effectiveness should clearly lead.If we can move toward an automated vehicle future using fewer cars (through greater sharing), traveling shorter distances (through better land use planning), and at slower speeds (through policies), then we have a greater chance to achieve street livability objectives that are also likely to be more sustainable and equitable. This paper also outlines how this model would apply to certain street transects and how these relate to specific urban policies achieving sustainability, livability, and equity in future cities.

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