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Electric Bike Level-of-Service: Towards the Integration of Hindrance-based and Microsimulation approaches

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Document pages: 23 pages

Abstract: With the emerging demand for electric bikes (e-bikes), the design of active mobility infrastructure should account for the level-of-service (LOS) of e-bikes. However, knowledge about e-bike LOS (ELOS) is scarce. To fulfil this knowledge gap, we review recent advancements in hindrance-based approaches and microsimulation models to provide insights into the development of ELOS on off-road facilities. We discuss challenges associated with the data collection and existing LOS estimation approaches, all of which help in shaping future research agenda for the development of ELOS. Our review suggests that future hindrance-based studies should focus on quantifying relative discomfort generated due to passing and meeting encounters. Similarly, future microsimulation-based LOS studies should improve the physical model to mimic meeting event frequencies and develop a model for the homogeneous flow of e-bikes. We conclude with a preliminary framework to estimate the ELOS index, an essential tool for ex-ante evaluation of off-road facility designs.

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