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Air Pollution in Ranchi: Ignorance Is No Longer Bliss

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Document pages: 21 pages

Abstract: According to the 2013 survey conducted by Times of India the level of air pollution in the city has increased 10 times in the past decade creating conditions of “heat island effect” around the city.The 2017 report of India Spend Air Quality Index indicated that air quality of Ranchi stands at 429 Average PM 2.5 which is only better than NCR which recorded average PM 2.5 at 429. Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board seems to be unaware of such problems and have not taken any significant step towards curbing of population in the state neither the Ranchi Municipal Corporation seems to be much concerned about the deteriorating quality of air in the city. Even after being declared as a punishable offence, open burning of garbage seems to be quite common in Ranchi. After becoming a capital city, Ranchi had to go through the process of sustainable development and urbanization which led to a major increase in population further leading to increase in the number of vehicles which is often cited as prime reason for drastic increase in pollution in the city. Vomiting, nausea, burning of eye and skin disease have become common among people in Ranchi due to the poor air quality which is the result of emission from the increasing number of vehicles in the city. Ranchi has also experienced extreme temperature conditions in recent time with heavy and untimely rainfall and extreme heat and cold weather conditions which is also a drawback of Air Pollution. Ignorance may be bliss in many cases but ignorance of Jharkhand government authorities in these cases is only proving to be a disaster. The objective of this paper is to analyse the current air quality of Ranchi, to analyse the awareness among people regarding the problem of Air Pollution and to come up with appropriate measures that can help in reduction of pollution in city.

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