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Understanding of Spending and Earning of Paddy Farming in One-Acre Land under Three Different Practices of Keelamattiyan Village, Madurai, Tamil Nadu

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Abstract: The name Keelamattiyan is originated from two Tamil words ‘Kila’ meaning the lower and ‘Mattiyan’ means the place. The village is in the southern part of India in the state of Tamil Nadu at Madurai district of Vadipatti block of Melakkal Panchayat. The soil of the area is sandy so the water holding capacity of the soil is very bad. The groundwater level is not so good; this is because below some feet under the ground there will be the mountain rocks of “Naagamalai” hill whole agriculture is mainly dependent on the rainwater. Rice cultivation needs more water. Only one-time rice cultivation is there. But they also cultivate some vegetables and millets. But still, Rice is the main crop cultivated in the village. Most of the farmers take only one crop and that is rice. It is a Kharif crop for its high water requirement. We can do cultivation of rice in two ways traditionally. Either direct seeding or transplanting. Normally the place has adequate water supply they go for transplanting otherwise people do the direct seeding method. In the last few years, there is not good rain adequate water supply is not there in the village that’s why they prefer the direct seeding method for the cultivation of rice. From our study, we can easily say that the actual spending and earnings of the farmers. No one has a B: C of at least one. It means they cannot even get back their investment amount.

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