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Germination and Seedlings Characters of Some Broad Bean Cultivars as Affected by Phosphorus Fertilization Levels

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Document pages: 7 pages

Abstract: Broad bean is the most needed legume crop in Egypt and due to increase field bean production, it was necessary to maximize its productivity in newly cultivated sandy soil as a way of horizontal expansion. A laboratory experiment was carried out after the end of the field experiments in each season under the laboratory conditions of Administration of Examination and Certification of seeds in Dakahlia Governorate, Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation. The purpose of this investigation was to assess seed germination and seedling characters resulted from the field experiment. The results showed that sowing Giza 716 cultivar significantly superior studied cultivars in germination and seedlings parameters and resulted in the highest values of final germination percentage, germination rate, germination index, shoot and root lengths and seedlings vigor index during combined analysis over seasons. Application the highest level of phosphorus fertilization (45 kg P2O5 fed) produced the highest values of germination and seedlings parameters, excluding mean germination time during combined analysis over seasons. It can be concluded that fertilizing broad bean Giza 716 cultivar with kg 45 or 30 P2O5 fed could be recommend enhancing germination and seedlings characters under the environmental conditions of Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt.

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