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Transforming Pulses Sector in India: How Can We Leverage Policies for Self-Sufficiency?

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Document pages: 18 pages

Abstract: Pulses are major source of protein and an integral part to Indian’s diet. But, there has been consistent demand-supply gap. Barring last 5 years, total production of pulses remained stagnant at 12-14 million tonnes over past five decades. Over the last 20 years, more than 550 improved varieties of different maturity periods and for different regions have been released by public research organisations, but the availability of quality seeds remained a serious concern, thereby resulting yield uncertainty. Yet the domestic supply fell short by 3-4 million tonnes every year. Also owing to increased consumption by diet conscious growing urban population in India, the price rose by 150 to 200 in recent years, affecting millions of poor in the country. Despite several initiatives by the government of India and recommendations of expert committee, situation continues to remain worrisome. This paper warrants a paradigm shift in strategy to achieve self-sufficiency in pulses production and ensure nutritional security for population.

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