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Preserving or Poisoning: A Case of Dried-Beans from Nigeria

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Document pages: 12 pages

Abstract: Beans (Vigna unguiculata) are commonly known as the cowpea, black-eyed pea, catjang,china-pea, cow-gram or southern-peas that were mainly grown in the tropics and subtropicsregions. Globally, beans are great source of protein for human, and are found in currydishes, cooked with rice, in desserts or as paste. This is a popular legume grown in Nigeriawhich were mainly dried and stored for either local consumption or traded and exported tovarious countries around the world, especially the European Union. Nigeria was among theleading beans exporting nation of the world. Since 2013, the EU has placed temporaryimport suspension on dried-beans originating from Nigeria due to the discovery of higherpesticides residue found in them (between 0.03mg kg and 4.6mg kg). This study assesses thekey techniques used in preserving dried-beans in Nigeria. Based on the qualitative nature ofthe data involved, the study employed survey research design that depend on in-depthinterview with open ended questions and personal observations. This study discovered thathigh illiteracy among the dried-beans merchants and storekeepers lead to direct applicationof various toxic pesticide in high doses onto the dried-beans with a sole intention ofprotection from pest. The study finally recommends the provision modern grain storingfacilities.

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