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Conflict between Nomadic Herdsmen and Small Holder Farmers in Nigeria’s Middle Belt: Tackling the Root Problem to attain Lasting Peace

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Document pages: 4 pages

Abstract: This policy brief focuses on the environmental causes of the conflict between herdsmen and small-holder farmers in Nigeria’s middle belt region. The research builds a case for modernizing the existing methods of rearing livestock in order to reduce the need for north-south migration in search of vegetation for grazing, and proposes efforts to repair the degraded environment. This argument is on the premise that less demand for already finite natural resources would ensure a more sustainable supply of food, reduce incessant violence and preserve the ecosystem. In addition, the findings suggest that environmental emergencies are at the heart of the conflict, as opposed to the widely acclaimed ethnic religious rift. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the major causes of the conflict is necessary, in order to draw up appropriate policies or intervention programs that would be impactful.

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