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Research on the Permeability Characteristics of Granite with Different Weathering Degrees before and after the Influence of Mining Method Construction

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Document pages: 19 pages

Abstract: The influence of mining method tunnel construction on the groundwater environment is a very important and complex engineering environment problem, and the strong differential weathering of water-rich granite strata increases the difficulty of this problem. In this paper, the mineral composition and microstructure characteristics of granite with different weathering degrees before and after the influence of mining method were studied by in-situ and indoor seepage tests and theoretical calculation, and the impact of mining method tunneling on granite permeability was also analyzed. Calculation results revealed that the permeability coefficient of surrounding rock at 1.1 m away from excavation face increased 41.6 times as much as the original. The permeability coefficient of moderately and strongly weathered granite increased by 6.12 and 3.33 times, respectively and the permeability also increased. The variation of the permeability coefficient of fully weathered granite was the smallest, increasing by 1.67 times, which is due to mechanical excavation of a fully weathered layer on-site, and the disturbance was far less than that caused by blasting. The scale of the excavation damaged zone (EDZ) induced by mining method was determined by wave velocity test, which provides a basis for subsequent seepage field calculation and research.

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