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Prevalence and Prevention Strategies of Cyberbullying among Nigerian Students

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Document pages: 13 pages

Abstract: Cyberbullying is a problem that has emerged asa byproduct of modern-day technologies. This form of aggression occurs when oneor more individuals use a technological medium for the purpose of intimidatingor harming others. In spite of the popularity of technologicaldevices among Nigerian youths presently, there remains a critical gap inliterature relating to cyberbullying and its possible effects on students inNigeria. This study thus sought to identifyif a relationship exists between traditional bullying and cyberbullying; examine the effect of cyberbullying on students’ psychological behavior; andexamine ways in which cyberbullying might be prevented. The sample consists ofstudents from tertiary institutions while the results were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics.The result of the findings showed that significant correlations werefound between traditional bullies and cyberbullies (rranks = 0.322,p 0.001), cyberbullies andcyberbullied victim (rranks = 0.401, p 0.0001). There were alsosignificant correlations found between bullies and bully victims (rranks = 0.326, p ranks = 0.160, p The result showed that cyberbullied victims oftenexhibit a variety of negative outcomesespecially anger, embarrassment, fear and anxiety. A Spearman Rank-Ordercorrelation revealed a negative association between grade level andcyberbullies (rranks = 0.034, p = 0.355) as well as grade level andcyberbully victims (rranks = 0.107, p = 0.217). A significantlypositive relationship occurred between frequency of computer use andcyberbullies (rranks = 0.206, p = 0.015), as well as betweenfrequency of computer use and electronic victimization (rranks =0.223, p = 0.012). The study concluded that parents, school and mental healthproviders must not only be aware of cyberbullying and its consequences, butmust also have access to ways to deal with this growing concern through publicawareness building, anger management training for youths and the establishmentof mentorship programs for youths to help one other.

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