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Elaboration of Explanatory Factors of Accidents in Cameroon by Factorial Correspondence Analysis

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Document pages: 11 pages

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to examine the causes ofroad accidents in Cameroon. The Douala-Yaoundé highway was chosen as the caseof study. Available field data recorded from the year 2006 to 2011, haveenabled the analysis of each accident. The method used here is the factorialcorrespondence analysis; which aims to bring in a small number of dimensions,most of the initial information, focusingnot on the absolute values, but the correspondence between thevariables, that is to say the relative values. From this analysis, it appearsthat, of the 906 accidents recorded during this period, top five causes accountfor nearly 83 of the information provided by the set of variables on theoccurrence of road accidents. These causes are: driver inattention, lack ofcontrol, over speeding, improper overtaking and tire puncture. These results require involvement in the construction of roadsafety policies through training, sensitization and adequate repressionsas well as administrative reforms and research policy in road safety.

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