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Geo-Economic Strategy and Reflectivist Institutionalism: A Situational Analysis of International Seabed Authority’s Role Vis-À-Vis Strategic Pursuits of China and India in the Indian Ocean

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Document pages: 42 pages

Abstract: Powerful states have great influence and control over the multilateralism of International Organisations (IOs). Records are replete with accounts where states maximize their relative and absolute gains through world regimes. Gains are both economic and political, which affect power distribution. Common objectives are undermined by IOs when states push their geo-economic strategies through the multilateral institutional framework. IOs exist because of nation-states. Sub-ordination of IOs to a few powerful states makes them prone to ‘reflectivism’. It causes a situation of bias and apprehension, which leads to the neglect of the agenda inherited by IOs. This research paper is an analysis of seabed mining, administered by the International Seabed Authority (ISA) under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The implications of seabed mining are considered critical from the economic and strategic perspectives. Observations in this research paper acknowledge this by correlating Reflectivist Institutionalism (RI) and Geo-economics by taking a situational case.

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