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Evaluation on the Potential Use of Pulverized Natural Subbase Dust as Alternative Filler Material for Hot Mix Asphalt Design, Jimma Town

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Document pages: 16 pages

Abstract: A well-designed asphalt mixture is expected to serve effectively for many years under a variety of loading and environmental conditions. Bituminous concrete is one of the highest and costliest types of flexible pavement. One of the main problems in the construction of asphalt paving mixture is obtaining a sufficient amount of filler material and high cost of the use of ordinary Portland cement, hydrated lime, or marble dust as filler material. Asphalt Institution restricted the use of a maximum limit of 2 proportion to improve the aggregates adhesion properties only, which is not sufficient quantity to achieve the grading requirements. To alleviate this problem, it is important to come across alternative filler material that can be used in more quantity. The study has investigated the potential use of natural sub-base dust (MSD)as alternative filler material, and their characteristic on the effect of hot asphalt mixture was identified. This research was conducted by using Experimental Research Design. In total, 48 samples were prepared according to ASTM D1559, of which 15 of them used to calculate the OBC and the rest to find out the effects of adding different percentages of NSD to the asphalt mixture. For this purpose, five different bitumen contents were used (4 −6 with 0.5 increments). Aggregate mixtures blended without filler and with NSD filler were investigated to evaluate their Marshall properties on HMA mixtures. Four varying percentages of NSD ranging from (2 - 8 at 2 increments) were used for Marshall experiments. And for the control mix, 2 hydrated lime (HL) and 2 ordinary Portland cement used in the mixture besides, 4 Marble Dust was used as a reference. The aggregates were blended by using Job mix formula to obtain the percentage of material proportion. As a result for aggregates blended without filler G-1 (26 ), G-2 (23 ) and G-3 (51 ) proportion were used whereas for aggregates blended with NSD filler, G-1 (26 ), G-2 (22 ), G-3 (46 ) and G-4 (6 ) was utilized. Where G-1 is Coarse Aggregate 3 4, G-2 is Intermediate Aggregate 3 8, G-3 is Fine Aggregate, and G-4 is NSD filler. Based on Marshall test results, the OBC was found 5.1 by the total asphalt mix. Furthermore, examining Marshall mixes containing different percentages of filler showed the optimum percentage of NSD was 6 . The Marshall properties of the experiments at 6 NDS filler resulted in high stability, low flow, lower VFB, low VMA & lower air voids that are consistent with the standard specifications. The investigation of NSD filler has resulted in good effects on the Marshall properties of the asphalt mixture. Furthermore, the outcome of Marshall parameters like stability, air voids, and bulk density values was consistent with the standard specifications. Therefore, NSD filler can potentially be used as an alternative filler material in HMA with optimum filler content of 6 . Besides, it is recommended to exercise the use of NSD as filler material in HMA projects in order to ensure the quality of works, save transportation costs and save time spend to import other filler materials from far away. It is also recommended combining NSD filler with other materials may produce a better outcome on the effects on the asphalt mix properties.

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