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Endogenous Viable Cells in Lyopreserved Amnion Retain Differentiation Potential and Anti-Fibrotic Activity In Vitro

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Document pages: 40 pages

Abstract: Human amniotic membrane (AM) has intrinsic anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and antimicrobial properties. Tissue preservation methods have helped to overcome the short shelf life of fresh AM allowing “on demand” use of AM grafts. Cryopreserved AM that retains all native tissue components, including viable cells, has clinical benefits in treating chronic wounds. However, cryopreservation requires ultra-low temperature storage, limiting the use of cryopreserved products. To overcome this limitation, a novelly opreservation method has been developed for ambient storage of living tissues. The goal of this study was to investigate the viability and functionality of AM cells followingly opreservation. Fresh AM and devitalized lyopreserved AM (DLAM) served as positive and negative controls, respectively. Using live dead staining, we confirmed the presence of living cells in viable lyopreserved AM (VLAM) and showed that these cells persisted up to 21 days in culture medium. The functionality of cells in VLAM was assessed bytheir differentiation potential and anti-fibrotic activity in vitro. With osteogenic induction, cells in VLAM deposited calcium within the membrane, a marker of osteogenic cells, in a time-dependent manner. The migration of human lung fibrotic fibroblasts in a scratch wound assay was reduced significantly in the presence of VLAM derived conditioned medium. Quantitative PCR analyses indicated that VLAM reduced the expression of pro-fibrotic factors such as type I collagen and increased the expression of anti-fibrotic factors such as hepatocyte growth factor and anti-fibrotic microRNA in fibrotic fibroblasts. Taken together, these results demonstrate that endogenous cells in VLAM remain viable and functional post-lyophilization.

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