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Convolutional Neural Network and Bayesian Gaussian Process in Driving Anger Recognition

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Document pages: 15 pages

Abstract: With the development of motorization, road traffic crashes have become the leading cause of death in many countries. Among roadway traffic crashes, almost 90 of accidents are related to driver behaviors, wherein driving anger is one of the most leading causes to vehicle crash-related conditions. To some extent, angry driving is considered more dangerous than typical driving distraction due to emotion agitation. Aggressive driving behaviors create many kinds of roadway traffic safety hazards. Mitigating potential risk caused by road rage is essential to increase the overall level of traffic safety. This paper puts forward an integrated computer vision model composed of convolutional neural network in feature extraction and Bayesian Gaussian process in classification to recognize driver anger and distinguish angry driving from natural driving status. Histogram of gradients (HOG) was applied to extract facial features. Convolutional neural network extracted features on eye, eyebrow, and mouth, which are considered most related to anger emotion. Extracted features with its probability were sent to Bayesian Gaussian process classier as input. Integral analysis on three extracted features was conducted by Gaussian process classifier and output returned the likelihood of being anger from the overall study of all extracted features. An overall accuracy rate of 86.2 was achieved in this study. Tongji University 8-Degree-of-Freedom driving simulator was used to collect data from 30 recruited drivers and build test scenario.

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