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Designing Transformation-Induced Plasticity and Twinning-Induced Plasticity Cr-Co-Ni Medium Entropy Alloys: Theory and Experiment

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Document pages: 23 pages

Abstract: In order to efficiently explore the nearly infinite composition space in multicomponent solid solution alloys, it is important to establish predictive design strategies and use computation-aided methods. In the present work, we demonstrated the density functional theory calculations informed design routes for realizing transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) and twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) in Cr-Co-Ni medium entropy alloys (MEAs). We systematically studied the effects of magnetism and chemical composition on the generalized stacking fault energy surface (γ-surface) and showed that both chemistry and the coupled magnetic state strongly affect the γ-surface, consequently, the primary deformation modes. Based on the calculated effective energy barriers for the competing deformation modes, we constructed composition and magnetism dependent deformation maps at both room and cryogenic temperatures. Accordingly, we proposed various design routes for achieving desired primary deformation modes in the ternary Cr-Co-Ni alloys. The deformation mechanisms predicted by our theoretical models are in nice agreement with available experimental observations in literature. Furthermore, we fabricated two non-equiatomic Cr-Co-Ni MEAs possessing the designed TWIP and TRIP effects, showing excellent combinations of tensile strength and ductility.

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