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Biodegradable Zn-Cu Alloys Show Antibacterial Activity Against Mrsa Bone Infection by Inhibiting Biofilm Formation and Inflammatory Toxic Side-Effects

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Document pages: 57 pages

Abstract: Bone and joint-related infections remain the primary and most critical complications of orthopedic surgery. We have innovatively prepared Zn-Cu alloys to achieve outstanding material and antibacterial properties. In this study, we systematically assessed the material properties and antibacterial activity of these Zn-Cu alloys. Our results showed that the Zn-2Cu alloy had the best mechanical properties, biocompatibility, and osteogenic properties. Findings of microbial cultures, CLSM, SEM, and TEM indicated that Zn-2Cu alloy can inhibit both coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative staphylococci, as well as antibiotic-resistant strains (MRSA and MRSE), by preventing the bacteria adhesion and the biofilm formation. Zn-2Cu alloy could broadly affect the expression of MRSA genes associated with adhesion, autolysis, biofilm formation, virulence, and drug resistance. A rat femur intramedullary nail infection-prevention model was established and the Zn-2Cu alloy-treated group showed significant antibacterial activity against MRSA and reduced the inflammatory toxic side-effects and infection-related bone loss. Collectively, our results indicate the potential utility of Zn-Cu alloy implants with 2 wt Cu in treating orthopedic infections.

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