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Solute Drag and Dynamic Phase Transformations in Moving Grain Boundaries

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Document pages: 36 pages

Abstract: A discrete model and the regular solution approximation are applied to describe the effect of grain boundary motion on grain boundary phase transformations in a binary alloy. The model predicts all thermodynamic properties of the grain boundary and the solute drag force, and permits a broad exploration of the parameter space and different dynamic regimes. The grain boundary phases continue to exist in the moving grain boundary and show a dynamic hysteresis loop, a dynamic critical line, and other features that are similar to those for equilibrium phases. Grain boundary motion strongly affects the relative stability of the phases and can even stabilize phases that are absolutely unstable under equilibrium conditions. Grain boundary phase transformations are accompanied by drastic changes in the boundary mobility. The results are analyzed in the context of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Unresolved problems and future work are discussed.

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