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Systematic Design and Realization of Double-Negative Acoustic Metamaterials by Topology Optimization

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Document pages: 36 pages

Abstract: Double-negative acoustic metamaterials (AMMs) offer the promising ability of superlensing for applications in ultrasonography, biomedical sensing and nondestructive evaluation. However, the systematic design and realization of broadband double-negative AMMs is stilling missing, which hinders their practical implementations. In this paper, under the simultaneous increasing or non-increasing mechanisms, we develop a unified topology optimization framework involving the different microstructure symmetries, minimal structural feature sizes and dispersion extents of effective parameters. The optimization framework is applied to discover the heuristic resonance-cavity-based and space-coiling metamaterials with broadband double negativity. Meanwhile, we demonstrate the essences of double negativity derived from the novel artificial multipolar LC (inductor-capacitor circuit) and Mie resonances which can be induced by controlling mechanisms in optimization. Furthermore, abundant numerical simulations validate the corresponding double negativity, negative refraction, enhancements of evanescent waves and subwavelengh imaging. Finally, we experimentally show the desired broadband subwavelengh imaging by using the 3D-printed optimized space-coiling metamaterial. The present design methodology provides an ideal approach for constructing the constituent "atoms " of metamaterials according to any manual physical and structural requirements. In addition, the optimized broadband AMMs and superlens can truly lay the structural foundations of subwavelengh imaging technology.

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