eduzhai > Applied Sciences > Engineering >

Atomic Scale Investigation of the Crystal Structure and Interfaces of the B′ Precipitate in Al-Mg-Si Alloys

  • Save

... pages left unread,continue reading

Document pages: 45 pages

Abstract: B′ is a common type of metastable precipitate in over-aged Al-Mg-Si alloys, which is long regarded as a variation of the Q precipitate in Al-Mg-Si-Cu alloys due to the similarity between their lattice parameters. Atomic-resolution high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray elemental mapping at low beam damage conditions, as well as first-principles calculations were used to explore the atomistic structure of B′. B′ phase has a hexagonal unit cell with a space group P6̅ and lattice parameters a = 10.30(2) Å, c = 4.05 Å. The M sites in B′, which are analogous to Cu sites in the Q structure, were inferred with 50 Si atoms and 50 vacancies. The chemical nature of the other sites agrees well with the model predicted by Ravi et al.. The determined model Al3Mg9Si8 has the lowest formation enthalpy and the smallest lattice misfit with the Al matrix along the [0001] growth direction. Atom probe tomography revealed the composition of Al5.3Mg8.5Si6.2, which has a slightly higher Mg Si ratio compared to Al3Mg9Si8 due to the partial occupation of Al and M sites by Mg atoms. Step-like boundaries with alternately arranged Mg-Si-Mg-Si atoms were observed at the coherent interfaces (10̅10)B′ (510)Al. A defect structure sandwiched in the B′ precipitate was found geometrically necessary to allow both (510)Al interfaces to arrange coherently in 3 dimensions. These results will provide new insight into the age precipitation and compositional design of Al-Mg-Si(-Cu) alloys.

Please select stars to rate!


0 comments Sign in to leave a comment.

    Data loading, please wait...