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Finite Interface Dissipation Phase Field Modeling of Ni-Nb Under Additive Manufacturing Conditions

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Document pages: 36 pages

Abstract: During the laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) process, the built part undergoes multiple rapid heating-cooling cycles, leading to complex micro structures with nonuniform properties. In the present work, a computational framework, which couples a finite element thermal model to a non-equilibrium phase field model was developed to investigate the rapid solidification micro structure of a Ni-Nb alloy during L-PBF. The framework is utilized to predict the spatial variation of the morphology and size of micro structure as well as the micro segregation in single-track melt pool micro structures obtained under different process conditions. A solidification map demonstrating the variation of micro structural features as a function of the temperature gradient and growth rate is presented. A planar to cellular transition is predicted in the majority of keyhole mode melt pools, while a planar interface is predominant in conduction mode melt pools. The predicted morphology and size of the solidification features agrees well with experimental measurements.

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