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Current Technologies for Waste Water Treatment in Chemical Industries in India

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Document pages: 4 pages

Abstract: Water, food and energy securities are emerging as increasingly important and vital issues for India and the world. Most of the river basins in India and elsewhere are closing or closed and experiencing moderate to severe water shortages, brought on by the simultaneous effects of agricultural growth, industrialization and urbanization. Current and future fresh water demand could be met by enhancing water use efficiency and demand management. The present work aims at highlighting the various industrial wastewater treatment technologies currently available including physico-chemical and biological processes as well as constructed wetland and conventional or advanced oxidation processes. An estimated 38354 million litres per day (MLD) sewage is generated in major cities of India, but the sewage treatment capacity is only of 11786 MLD. Similarly, only 60 of industrial waste water, mostly large scale industries, is treated. The paper presents the importance and the necessity to increase the efficiency of cleaning process of the residual waters from waste industry. There are presented the methods of treatment of the residual wastewaters, in order to find the best condition and parameters treatment process.

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