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Determination of the Effective Permittivity of a Heterogeneous Material

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Document pages: 5 pages

Abstract: Purpose: To develop a two-dimensional numerical-field model for determining the effective permittivity of a multicomponent material represented by a system of homogeneous volumes with known physical characteristics. Methodology: The model is based on the solution by the finite element method of an electrostatic problem with the subsequent determination of the energy contained in the volume under consideration. Than we have compared this result with the energy of a flat capacitor with a rectangular cross-section of the plates and determined the effective permittivity of test material. We also have used Rayleigh, Odelevsky and Lichtenecker models and the model with a perpendicular arrangement of layers relative to the main electric flux. Results: Based on the developed field model, the effective permittivities for dry, wet and transformer oil-soaked insulating papers of various grades, including taking into account ash, are determined. We have proved that a macroscopically homogeneous multicomponent material is well approximated by uniformly spaced cylindrical volumes with a substance of different nature in a matrix of another substance. We have showed a significant error of the layer model and the Rayleigh model relative to the proposed model. We have showed the equivalence of models with the location of inclusions in the nodes of a rectangular and parallelogram mesh. Originality: For the first time we have proposed wet paper models with an asymmetric arrangement of a cylindrical volume of water with a circular and segment cross-section in a cylindrical pore. For the first time we have proposed models of insulating paper with evenly spaced cylindrical inclusions of different volumes. Practical value: The proposed model allows to calculate the effective permittivity of an inhomogeneous material with a given accuracy without restricting the shape of the components. Based on the proposed field model, it is possible to determine the Lichtenecker index, which allows to calculate the effective permittivity for any ratio of the volumes of the components of a heterogeneous material.

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