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A Novel Real World Application Using Wireless Sensor Networks

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Document pages: 6 pages

Abstract: Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to place water directly into the root zone and minimize evaporation. Drip irrigation systems distribute water through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. Depending on how well designed, installed, maintained, and operated it is, a drip irrigation system can be more efficient than other types of irrigation systems, such as surface irrigation or sprinkler irrigation. In this paper a concise outline for improving throughput and average end to end delay of information gathered from the agriculture field for precision agriculture, using a distributed clustering mechanism has been outlined. This algorithm offers a throughput of 180 bits seconds. Besides delivery of water level information packets signals to base station, it also computes a threshold as well as calculates the values based on transmission range. This overall computational mechanism helps us to build a robust mechanism for delivery of information to the base station, thus reducing the packet loss. A wireless sensor network is a system consisting of sensor nodes, which incorporates a radio frequency transceiver, sensor, microcontroller and a power source. Recent advances in wireless sensor networking technology have led to the expansion of low cost, low power, multifunctional sensor nodes. Sensor nodes facilitate environment sensing together with data processing, are able to network with other sensor systems and exchange data with external users. Sensor networks are used for a variety of applications including wireless data acquisition, environmental monitoring, irrigation management, safety management and in many other areas.

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