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Utilisation of Indigenous Ceramic Raw Materials for the Production of Water Closet

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Document pages: 13 pages

Abstract: The fact is that Nigeria ceramic raw materials are underutilizedas a result of inadequate information on the materials which limits the localproduction of water closet. The emphasis of this research was on thesuitability of the physio-chemical properties of the abundant locally sourcedceramic raw materials from South-west Nigeria. The selected locally sourced rawmaterials included: kaolin, feldspar, silica and ball clay. The Physicalproperties carried out on the specimens produced include chemical analysis, shrinkage,porosity, bulk density, modulus of rupture, plasticity and viscosity. Thephysical property tests were done in accordance with (ASTM C). Standard and thechemical composition were identified by AAS spectrometer. However, the ratio ofkaolin, feldspar, quartz and ball clay was varied in five major formulationrepresented as A, B, C, D and E. The clay, kaolin, quartz and feldspar used inthis study were found to belong to alumina-silicate group suitable for theproduction of standard water closet. The samples’ properties met the requiredstandards; hence, the materials were found suitable for production of watercloset of acceptable standards. Composition A specimen gives the most suitable proportions for the production ofwater closet at 40 of kaolin, 25 of feldspar, 10 of quartz and 25 of ballclay respectively.

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