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A New Superhard Carbon Allotrope: T5-Carbon

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Document pages: 12 pages

Abstract: A novel carbon allotrope is predicted by first-principles calculations. This allotrope is obtained by replacing one of the two atoms in the primitive cell of diamond with a carbon tetrahedron, thus it contains five atoms in one primitive cell, termed T5-carbon. The stabilities of T5-carbon are checked in structural, thermal, vibrational and energy calculations. T5-carbon is a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 3.18 eV, and has a lattice thermal conductivity of 409 W mK. The Vickers hardness of T5-carbon is 76.5 GPa which is lower than that of diamond but larger than those of T-carbon and cubic boron nitride.

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