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Optimal Reactive Power Dispatch With Series and Shunt Facts Evices Using Sine Cosine Algorithm

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Document pages: 20 pages

Abstract: Management of reactive power resources is essential for the secure and stable functioning of power systems in the standpoint of voltage stability. The principal aim of optimal reactive power dispatch (ORPD) is to detect the settings of control variables such as the voltage rating of generators, reactive power injection of VAR compensators and tap ratios of the tap setting transformers in order to decrease the grid congestion with one or more objective of minimizing the active power loss for a fixed economic power schedule while meeting a given lot of constraints. In this paper, Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) controllers named as Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) is added with conventional ORPD problem for active power loss minimization with voltage profile improvement. Also, this paper demonstrates the application of sine cosine algorithm (SCA) to discover the optimal solution of ORPD (with UPFC) of power system with different test systems (IEEE 57-bus and IEEE 118- bus) with distinct cases such as minimization of active power losses and improvement of voltage profile. Simulation results show the high quality and accuracy of the proposed algorithm, and considering the quality of the solution obtained, the proposed algorithm appears to be efficient and robust to solve the ORPD problem comparing with existing literature.

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