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Solder Interconnection of Aluminum Foil Rear Side Metallization for Passivated Emitter and Rear Solar Cells

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Document pages: 9 pages

Abstract: Foil metallized (FolMet) solar cells combine the high-efficiency PERC technology and a cost-efficient rear side metallization based on a 9 µm thin aluminum foil. Laser fired contacts are used to attach the foil to the rear side and allow for the mechanical and electrical contact to the cell. Direct soldering on aluminum is hampered by a native oxide film formed immediately when exposed to air. To realize the cell interconnection by a standard solder process the Al foil is coated by sputter deposition or roll cladding of solderable layers. This work evaluates the solderability of 200 µm thick coated Al foils with the common solder interconnection process established in photovoltaics using standard copper ribbons for module integration. Our analysis reveals for both coating approaches strong initial mechanical adhesion of > 4 N mm after soldering and very low contact resistivities of

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